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This policy has been developed to assist hirers of PRACC to effectively manage occupational health and safety issues associated with events so that all reasonable steps are taken to identify and eliminate or manage risks before, during and after the event.
This policy and associated Event Safety Checklist apply to all events held at any of PRACC venues.
All hirers of PRACC planning and organising events are expected to comply with the provisions of this policy so that the risks to health and safety of patrons, staff, contractors and visitors are eliminated so far as reasonably practicable.
1 Event Safety Management
1.1.1 Safe events are well planned events – nothing should be left to chance. By using systematic planning processes, event organisers can identify potential hazards, determine risks and then eliminate them or minimise their impact. Good planning systems means being prepared well in advance and ensuring that safety is a priority throughout the event, including initial pre-event set up (bump in) and event pack up (bump out).
1.2 Event stakeholders
1.2.1 Event stakeholders will vary from event to event and may include as appropriate to each event:
1.3 Hazard identification
1.3.1 Hazard identification is the process of recognising hazards associated with an event. A good practice is to use hazard categories to assist in the identification process. Hazard categories include but are not limited to:
1.4 Risk Assessment
1.4.1 Risk assessment is the process of estimating the potential effects or harm of a hazard to determine its risk rating. By determining the level of risk, the event planning group can rank risks to systematically eliminate or control the hazards.
1.4.2 In order to determine a risk rating, event planning groups should consider:
1.4.3 The Risk Assessment matrix should be used to determine the level of risk for each hazard.
1.4.4 The people who actually undertake the task(s) should be involved in the risk assessment process as well as those who are involved in organising the event. Where possible the area health and safety representative should also be included in that process with appropriate persons who have technical knowledge of the activity or equipment. The hirers risk assessment must be provided to PRACC Event Planner no later than two weeks prior to bumping in the event. This is a contractual requirement. A member of the Safety department at PRACC will review the risk assessment and ensure that PRACC staff are familiar with its contents. The information contained in this document should be detailed during the pre-show bump in toolbox meeting.
1.4.5 To assist our hirers a risk assessment proforma is available from Presenter Services upon request and we are more than happy to provide some training and assistance in event risk management.
1.5 Risk Control
1.5.1 The event planning group needs to eliminate or reduce the risks identified using the following hierarchy of controls:
1.5.2 Often people pick the ‘easier’ option by going straight to administrative controls or PPE but there are often more effective ways to control the hazard. The event planning group should focus on what is realistic and practical so that risks are minimised. The OHS legislation requires all hazards to be controlled. The event planning group must ensure that risk assessment covers the entire event – from set up (bump in) to dismantling (bump out), not just the event itself.
1.6 Venues other than PRACC premises
1.6.1 Events that are held in venues other than at PRACC premises involving PRACC staff require a risk assessment to be carried out. This should cover the usual risks as mentioned in this document including information on emergency procedures and evacuation routes from staff normally responsible for the venue.
2 Record keeping and documentation
2.1 Event organisers must keep appropriate records and documentation including:
3 Emergency Management Plan
3.1 PRACC maintains compliance to the Australian Standard 3745 Planning for Emergencies in Facilities. PRACC’s emergency management systems are documented in the Emergency Management Plan which is available from PRACC’s Event Planner. All hirers should be conversant with this documentation.
4 First Aid Officers
4.1 PRACC engages staff who are the nominated first aiders for our venues. These staff are trained to a certificate two first aid level with the addition of Semi-Automatic Defibrillation Administration. Various specialist first aid providers (e.g. St John) may be brought in from time to time where deemed appropriate for specific events.
5.1 All Hirers, their staff, volunteers and contractors must be inducted into PRACC’s Safety culture through the induction form prior to commencing work. If preferred for PRACC staff to induct on-site, an appropriate induction time and location should be made with PRACC Event Planner.
6 Toolbox Meetings
6.1 A toolbox meeting is an effective method of communicating the activities planned, event schedule, risk assessment considerations and controls, expectations and an opportunity for two way communications with the crew. PRACC recommend toolbox meetings be held at the beginning of the bump in, bump out, work changes and shift changes. All event staff should be familiar with the risk assessment.
7 Incident, Hazard, Near Miss and Damage Reporting
7.1 There are various legislative requirements and site specific requirements that require the reporting of near misses, incidents, damages and hazards. All of the above must be reported immediately to PRACC staff.
8 Storage and Handling of Dangerous Goods
8.1 Dangerous Good and Hazardous Substances have the potential to harm a person’s health through exposure; or to cause damage to the environment. Dangerous goods and Hazardous Substances are to be managed in accordance the relevant Acts, Regulations, Compliance Codes and Australian/New Zealand Standards.
10.2 Dangerous Goods and Hazardous Substances planned to be brought onto the premises must be identified in the risk assessment. Information relating to the Product Name, UN Number, DG class, DG sub-class where applicable, Packing Group, Quantity, storage location, contact person and Material Safety Data Sheet must be supplied in order for the venue manifest to be updated, in case of emergency.
10.3 The suitability of storage will need to be assessed based on quantity and compatibility with other materials so that non-compatible materials are segregated. The quantities brought on site should be kept to a minimum and no more than the requirements for each performance. The legislation sets out maximum quantities to be stored outdoors and indoors; these requirements will apply.
11 Material Safety Data Sheets
11.1 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are required for all materials and substances being brought into the venue. These should be supplied with the risk assessment and any other safety documentation two weeks prior to the commencement of the bump in period.
12 Safe Work Method Statement
12.1 In addition to the risk assessment there may be legislative requirements to complete safe work method statements (SWMS). These are typically required when there is construction work involving the erection or decommissioning of sets or specific high risk tasks as listed in the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (Vic) 2007.
12.2 Further information is available from the WorkSafe Victoria Website and PRACC on when these documents are required.
13 Temporary Structures
13.1 Where any temporary structures are planned to be used consideration must be made as to the suitability of the structures for the environment in which they are planned to be used. Please note that in most circumstances, structural certificates, engineering certificates and build certificates are required by the local council even for small pop up shade tents. Please speak to your Event Planner as soon as possible should you intend to use any temporary structure.
13.2 Wind ratings need to be specified on the engineering certification. It is common for wind speeds to reach between 60km/h to 100km/h. To limit disruption to the installation, it is recommended that wind ratings withstand expected wind speeds, particularly when it will be in place for an extended period and the weather forecast is not known. A response plan should be available in the event that wind speeds are forecast above the wind rating.
14 Load Bearing Structures, Flown Elements and Load-Moving
14.1 Load bearing structures, including static, rolling and suspended event equipment and scenery, which support substantial loads and/or present significant risks need to be manufactured to appropriate standards and certified suitable for the specified use.
14.2 In line with certain regulatory requirements certification by a suitably qualified set constructor, engineer, licensed scaffolder or rigger will be required for all static, rolling or suspended event equipment and scenery that are load bearing with significant risks to work, health and safety.
15 Load Limits
15.1 Load limits apply in all areas of PRACC premises which include, stages and grid. For this reason, it is essential that PRACC receive the event requirement form, even in the preliminary planning phase to facilitate an assessment of the event requirements.
16.1 Electricity has the potential to cause significant injury or harm to any person who may come into contact with it.
16.2 The relevant Legislation, Australian Standards and Codes should be followed at all times for any electrical work. Additionally, the Code of Practice for Temporary Electrical Installations on Building and Construction Sites should be followed where such works are relevant.
16.3 Australian Standard/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 3760 details the testing frequency regime and standards; this must be applied to at all times. All portable leads and equipment are subject to inspection, testing and tagging procedures. An inspection of electrical leads must be performed prior to each use to verify there are no damaged, frayed or worn leads. Electrical leads identified to be faulty or that do not have a test tag attached or where the test tag date has expired must not be used. Damaged leads are to be labelled with a ‘Danger – Do Not Use’ tag and removed from use until they can be inspected, tested and tagged by a qualified person.
16.4 Testing and tagging must only be performed by a person who is qualified to do so.
16.5 Isolation procedures must be applied for each item of equipment to protect person(s) while working on or near the vicinity of that equipment.
16.6 Electrical leads must be appropriately secured to prevent tripping hazards; with consideration to cable routes, overhead cables, cable trays for instance.
16.7 Electrical installations and connections to power must be supervised by PRACC. All installations should be to PRACC’s specifications and subject to approval of PRACC nominated site electrician.
16.8 All electrical equipment must be fit for purpose, for example, electrical leads being used outdoors must be manufactured for this purpose.
17 Lock out Tag out
17.1 Unsafe plant, equipment and tools have the potential to cause injury, or further damage if used. To eliminate or minimise further loss, appropriate measures must be implemented.
17.2 All unsafe plant, equipment and tools should be made inoperable through routine practices such as isolating power or attaching a ‘Danger – Do Not Operate’ tag.
17.3 Unsafe venue plant should be reported to your event supervisor. Facilities Management will then be contacted to arrange for necessary rectification.
18 Manual Handling
18.1 All material movements involving manual handling in relation to bump-ins, performances and bump-outs must be risk assessed and have appropriate control measures applied to prevent risks of bodily injury and muscular-skeletal disorders to personnel.
18.2 Manual handling tasks assessed as high risk must not to be tolerated. Where reasonably practicable, in applying the hierarchy of controls to manage risks, the design of event elements should eliminate or reduce the need for any hazardous manual handling.
18.3 Where it is reasonable to do so, PRACC may require additional control measures to be applied to manage the risks of hazardous manual handling.
18.4 As a guide appropriate control measure may include but not be limited to:
19 Fatigue and Hours of Work
19.1 Fatigue is defined by WorkSafe Victoria as “an acute and/or ongoing state of tiredness that leads to mental and physical exhaustion and prevents people from functioning within the normal boundaries.
19.2 Fatigue, whether it is short term or long term, has an overwhelming influence on the frequency of incidents and accidents, the persons health and productivity levels. Fatigue may be caused by a number of factors including hours of work, shift rotation, inadequate rest breaks, medical conditions, environmental factors (temperature, noise, repetitive tasks), lifestyle factors (lack of sleep, sleep disturbances, alcohol / drugs, lack of physical exercise), emotional concerns or stress.
19.3 PRACC rosters work hours in accordance with the Whittlesea City Council Enterprise Agreement, SCHEDULE 11: Local Area Agreement – Plenty Ranges Arts & Convention Centre. Hirers similarly have a ‘duty of care’ to manage any hazards associated with work hour arrangements by planning responsible breaks between shifts and reasonable working hours.
20 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
20.1 The provision for use of PPE should be identified as part of the risk management process. The identification of hazards will lead to the recognition for the need of certain types of PPE.
20.2 Where practicable, PRACC has placed workplace signage to indicate the type of PPE to be worn in specific locations.
20.3 The following conditions outline mandatory minimum PPE requirements:
High Visibility Vests
High Visibility Vests
* Always refer to the risk assessment or safe work method statement for a
comprehensive list of PPE requirements for the task. PPE may include hearing
protection (ear plugs, ear muffs), hand protection (riggers gloves), height safety
(harness and lanyard, falls restraint, falls arrest), respiratory protection, eye protection
(goggles, face shields), skin protection (sun scream, wide brim hat).
21 Occupational Noise
21.1 Sound levels in all venues need to be managed according to the legislative requirements to maintain a safe environment for personnel working at the venue (staff, hirers, contractors etc.) while also meeting the expectations of the audience.
21.2 The National Standard for exposure to noise in an occupational environment is:
21.3 The event risk assessment should identify any noise hazards that exist for the event. This will allow appropriate assessment and consideration of controls measures, applying the hierarchy of controls.
21.4 In some cases, there may be a need for the hirer to monitor noise levels and take appropriate measurements. Similarly, PRACC may choose to perform an independent noise assessment and provide advice or recommendations to the hirer in order to control the exposure of noise.
22 Environmental Noise
22.1 All residents that may be affected by musical noise emissions from PRACC venues have the right to expect that such levels of music do not unduly interfere with normal domestic and recreational activities and in particular, sleep in the night period. At the same time recognising the community demand for a wide range of musical entertainment.
22.2 Similarly, the noise transfer between the Theatres and Functions needs to be considered. For instance, functions in the Red Gum Room, Blue Gum Room, Foyer etc. may interfere with Theatre spaces depending on the nature of the event.
22.3 To manage environmental noise, PRACC venues are bound by the Environment Protection Act and SEPP State Environmental Protection Policy (Control of Music Noise from Public Premises) N-2.
23 Special Performance Conditions
23.1 Where any of the items listed are planned to be part of the event or performance, a notification of Special Performance Conditions must be submitted no later than 2 weeks prior to the bump-in day. This is as part of our Event Wellbeing form.
23.2 The notice will be considered and either approved or rejected after consideration is taken as to the risks and control measures. We strongly suggest you contact PRACC to discuss any plans you may have to use any of the above as soon as possible.
23.3 In order for PRACC to have a better appreciation of any hazards associated with the Special Performance, briefings and demonstrations (where applicable) should be held with your Event Planner as soon as practicable.
23.4 PRACC will appoint and roster a dedicated Safety Officer, as required.
23.6 Hirers will need to:
1. Notify PRACC of Special Performance Condition, at least 2 weeks prior to bump in;
2. Provide a risk assessment and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) where necessary to your Event Planner;
3. Notify the relevant regulatory body WorkSafe Victoria, Melbourne City Council and Metropolitan Fire Brigade at least 7 days in advance of your intention to discharge pyrotechnics;
4. Notify the Civil Aviation Authority where lasers are being used externally;
5. Use only licenced operators;
6. Plan a briefing and demonstration of the effect, preferably as soon as possible upon residency with the Safety and Security team.
24.1 The welfare of an animal involved at an event on PRACC premises and the health and safety of persons in the vicinity of the animal is paramount. PRACC has implemented a Policy for Events Utilising Animals detailing the requirement to supply a risk assessment and submit a notification of Special Performance Conditions.
25 Employment of Children
25.1 The employment of children is regulated in the Child Employment Act 2003 and Mandatory Code of Practice for the Employment of Children in Entertainment. A child as defined in the Act is a person under 15 years of age. The hirer has a responsibility to obtain all necessary permits prior to the engagement and meet all requirements relating to employment of children.
26 City of Whittlesea Street Trading
26.1 Any external food and beverage must be approved by PRACC management.
26.2 Any approved food and beverage stalls that are not managed by PRACC or not run in conjunction with PRACC venues, and consequently are not included in the main certificate of registration of food premises, must be registered and preapproved by Streatrader (streatrader.health.vic.gov.au) with all relevant permits attained in advance, displayed as appropriate and copies of all permits lodged with PRACC.
27 Food Handling & Storage
27.1 All approved food and beverage products brought into PRACC must be approved first and meet with the standards of compliance as per the Department of Health and Health Services. All relevant product information, storage and handling requirements, temperature logs and disposal protocols must be lodged with PRACC along with all necessary delivery information.